Dialysis and kidney transplantation
If the kidneys are working at less than about 10%, they are no longer managing to keep the blood clean. To prevent blood poisoning, a treatment that replaces kidney function needs to be started. We call this treatment dialysis or artificial kidney treatment. Dialysis removes the waste products and excess fluid from the body.
There are two types of dialysis:
- Haemodialysis, or blood dialysis, is when the blood is cleaned directly by a machine outside of the body.
- Peritoneal dialysis is when the blood is cleaned by introducing dialysis fluid into the abdomen.
In certain cases, patients with severe kidney failure may be eligible for a kidney transplant.
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